written by Sally
Many experts indicate that the current generation of children may not outlive their parents due to chronic diseases associated with childhood obesity. Obesity is an epidemic responsible for conditions like high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes in children. These two conditions were previously seen in adults. As a result of the increase in these illnesses at a younger age, health insurance and medical costs will be impacted.
Unhealthy eating habits contribute to childhood obesity
The lack of physical activity is a factor in childhood obesity
Schools have reduced the amount of time children spend playing outside. In times past, recess was an important part of every school day. Currently, in most schools children are not engaged in daily physical activity. There is a strong emphasis on end of grade testing, so academic preparation takes precedence over physical activity. At home children are often sedentary because of interest in video games and computers.
What can be done to address childhood obesity?
There are ways to stem the tide of childhood obesity. First, children should consume healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products. Fruits and vegetables contain healthy nutrients and fiber. Fiber helps the body feel full and that means children will eat less. Older children should consume whole fruits rather than fruit juice. Fruit juice contains a lot of calories from sugar. Low-fat dairy products help children build strong bones.
Foods prepared at home tend to be healthier than fast foods. Meats and poultry prepared at home can be cooked in healthy ways such as grilling, baking or broiling. This reduces the amount of fat. A home prepared meal can contain less than half of the calories in a typical fast food meal. Preparing meals at home is also a way to reduce the amount of salt, sugar and cholesterol children consume. Taking time to eat a home prepared meal also causes families to eat at a slower pace which can lead to eating less, rather than gulping large amounts of food.
Helping children increase physical activity is another way to combat the obesity epidemic. Physical activity is important in controlling weight because it burns calories that would otherwise be stored as body fat. Children should play outside or get some type of moderate physical activity at least 60 minutes each day. This can be achieved by helping with outdoor chores like washing the car, weeding the garden and walking the dog. Adults can help children to be active outdoors by limiting screen time. Screen time includes television, video games and computers.
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